Egypt is located in the northern area of Africa, and neighbors Sudan, Libya, and Israel. It is one of the most populated nations on the continent, with over 78 million inhabitants.
The majority of Egyptians live along the Nile River–the only abundant agricultural land in the country. Conversely, the Sahara Desert has very few residents because of its harsh climate. Around half of the population lives in urban areas, in cities like Alexandria and Cairo.
Egypt, with its rich ancient history, is home to some of the world’s most famous monuments and artifacts, including the Great Sphinx, the Giza pyramid complex, the Temple at Karnak, and the Valley of the Kings. The country is also considered to be an essential part of Middle East politics and culture.
Cairo, the capital city of Egypt, is a name derived from Arabic symbols and means "The Triumphant" or "The Vanquisher". Cairo is home to more than 17.2 million people, making it the world’s 16th most populated city. It is also the most populated city in all of Africa.
The capital of Egypt used to be Fustat, however, the city was destroyed in 1168 and 1169 during the era of Salah ad-Din and the Crusades. The economic and administrative capital was then moved to Cairo, where it has remained to this day.
Cairo is one of the largest tourism centers in the world. The ancient civilization of Egypt has attracted many scholars and tourists over the years and Cairo has some of the most visited tourist destinations in Egypt.
The Egyptian Museum is a tourist attraction and home to the biggest assortment of ancient antiquities in Egyptian history, with over 136,000 on display and thousands more hidden.
Khan El-Khalili is a tourist spot that most people visit to purchase souvenirs and products. It is an ancient shopping area with stores that have factories and workrooms and is one of Cairo’s economic activity centers.
The Cairo Tower is a television tower made of concrete. It is located along the River Nile and is higher than the Great Pyramid of Giza.
Old Cairo is visited by travelers for the ancient architecture. Coptic Cairo and Fostat are located in Old Cairo, which contains the Hanging Church, the Coptic Museum, Babylon Fortress, the Greek Church of St. George, a Jewish Synagogue, and many other Coptic churches.
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