Insulin is used to treat type 1 diabetes, where the body does not produce insulin at all. This type of diabetes is irreversible and requires constant medication throughout life. Type 1 diabetes normally requires blood testing using needles, and insulin injections using needles as well.
Type 2 diabetes is normally treated initially with a modification of diet and exercise. If this is not enough to lower blood sugar levels, then oral medications will be explored. Sometimes oral medications don’t help lower the blood sugar, at which point a type 2 diabetic would begin insulin therapy like a type 1 diabetic. There are cases when a type 2 diabetic will begin with insulin immediately, particularly if they have had diabetes for a long time, or if their blood sugar is extremely high.
Sometimes doctors use “combination therapy,” where they prescribe both insulin and oral diabetes medications. This is so that the medications help the insulin work.
Occasionally diabetes medications stop working. The cause of this is unknown, but it doesn’t mean that your diabetes is getting worse. Often the solution is to try a different type of diabetes medication, or to attempt combination therapy.
You might find it helpful to look at a more in depth look at the types of diabetes medication to see what your doctor might prescribe you, or what new diabetes medication you might ask your doctor about.
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