Preschool children are by nature hard to handle. Not only do they lack understanding but they also tend to behave rather badly. However, for some, this may be more than just a phase in their childhood; these “problem children” may in fact be suffering from ADHD.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder or (ADHD) is a behavioral condition mostly observabed in preschoolers. Today, it has also increasingly been diagnosed among full grown adults. Children with this condition have difficulties retaining attention and controlling their behavior. According to the National Institute for Mental Health (NIMC), two to three percent of the total children’s population in the US suffers from this condition today.
In 1845, Dr. Heinrich Hoffman was the English physician who publicly described his research regarding ADHD. In his illustrated children’s book, "The Story of Fidgety Philip," he documented his observations regarding some “problem children,” embodying the modern symptoms of ADHD. In 1902, Sir George F delivered lectures on ADHD to English physicians. The research was well received in the academic circle and in turn, produced numerous studies exploring the dynamics of ADHD.
Psychiatrists are one in saying that ADHD is primarily caused by a genetic defect. Other studies claim that exposure of the mother to toxic materials during pregnancy can also trigger the development of ADHD. Too much exposure to lead, a common component in industrial paints, was understood to have caused the maldevelopment of the brain.
Apart from the hyperactivity of children, the following are just some of the common symptoms linked with ADHD.
Learning Disability - Most children diagnosed with ADHD have limited attention spans, which result in difficulty in learning sound patterns. Preschoolers with this condition can also have great difficulty reading and writing.
Tourette Disability - This syndrome often manifests in repetitive mannerisms such as twitching and blinking eyes, clearing of throat and barking out of words among others.
Conduct Disability - According to the NIMC, 20-40% of preschool children have antisocial behavior. These are the children who have high tendencies of going against the law and eventually engage in criminal activities.
ADHD offers another way of exploring children’s behavioral patterns.
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