Type 2 diabetes has previously been called adult-onset diabetes or non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM). It is not called type 2 diabetes because these names are no longer precisely accurate.
Type 2 diabetes generally develops later in life. The body stops properly processing insulin, and eventually the pancreas stops producing insulin.
Type 2 diabetes accounts for 90-95% of the cases of diabetes in North America. Type two diabetes is typically the most prevalent diabetes in developed nations, possibly because it affects people who are older, more obese, and more sedentary.
The exact cause of type 2 diabetes is unknown. However, there are many risk factors that affect a person’s likelihood of developing type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes can be prevented by eating a healthy diet high in fruits and vegetables. Daily exercise also helps prevent type 2 diabetes.
The signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes are the same as for type 1 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes usually has milder symptoms and slower onset.
Type 2 diabetes can often be treated with lifestyle regulation, such as maintaining a healthy diet and exercising frequently. People with type 2 diabetes might eventually need to go on medication. Your doctor or health care professional can help you manage your diabetes, and come up with the best plan of action.
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